Periodontal disease is probably the leading cause of dental/tooth extractions in the world. The disease makes your tooth/teeth lose, and sometimes the only way to treat it is extraction. However, before it comes to that, various approaches can help get rid of the disease. The last resort is usually periodontal surgery.
The earlier periodontitis is detected, the better. That’s why it is always essential to visit the dentist regularly. The dentist can identify the problem early enough and treat it before it causes severe damage. In the meantime, you can be on the lookout for the following signs of periodontal disease.
- Receding gums
- Pain while chewing
- Swollen, red, or bleeding gums
- Deep pockets in your gums and between the teeth
- Bad breath
Be sure to talk to a dentist near you in case of the above signs, and you will be advised accordingly. Cabrera Dental Associates is here for you in case you are looking for gum disease treatment, Houston.
Diagnosis of Periodontitis
Depending on how severe your condition is, the dentist will know the best approach for treatment for the problem. Here is how the disease is diagnosed:
- Review of your medical history: He will want to know if you are a smoker or at least do other things that can cause dry mouth.
- Examine your mouth: The dentist will then examine your mouth looking for plaque and tartar buildup.
- Measure the depth of the pockets: If your gums are healthy, the depth of your pockets will be about three millimeters maximum. If they are more than three, that’s an indication of periodontitis.
- Conduct X-ray check: If he suspects that you might have the disease, the dentist will conduct an X-ray check to confirm or clear the suspicions.
If the dentist confirms that you have the infection, you will discuss the treatment. There are various treatment options, and the dentist will know the right treatment for you, depending on the severity of your problem.
As stated, the surgical approach is usually the last resort. Before the dentist goes for it, he will try:
Scaling: the dentist will use an ultrasonic or a laser to remove plaque and tartar buildup from your teeth and beneath the gums.
Root Planing: Root planing is usually conducted to discourage the buildup of tartar and plaque in the future. The procedure also removes bacteria from your teeth and gums
Antibiotics: The antibiotics help control bacterial infections in your mouth. They can be either oral or topical.
If your gum disease is at a critical stage, there won’t be any other approach apart from gum surgery. There are several types of gum disease surgeries, and the dentist will know which approach to use. You can talk to us if you are diagnosed with gum disease, Houston. Here are the approaches:
If the disease has severely affected your bone, the dentist may recommend this surgery. The bone for grafting can be gotten from another part of your body, another person, animal, or synthetically manufactured.
The surgery is usually performed to help reduce gum recession from causing more damage. It also helps cover your roots if they are exposed.
Guided Tissue Regeneration
The dentist will place a material between your gums and teeth. The material is designed to help prevent your gums from growing on space meant for bone, which helps your tissue and bone regrow.
Pocket Reduction Surgery
Also called flap surgery, pocket reduction surgery is a procedure that involves the reduction of the depth of your pockets.
What to Expect
Your dentist will ask you some questions so you should be psychologically prepared for the same. He may ask you questions such as:
- Do you use tobacco?
- How often do you brush your teeth?
- Do you use dental floss regularly?
- Are you on any medications?
- How regularly do you visit the dentist?
He will then treat you and give you advice on how to handle yourself after the surgery. As with any other surgery, expect some discomfort for the first few days. Avoid eating foods such as raw vegetables, meat, ice, and other hard foods. Quit smoking, and be sure to take some painkillers to help combat pain. In case the pain, bleeding, or swelling is extreme, be sure to talk to your dentist for help.
Cabrera Dental Associates
If you require gum disease treatment in Houston, we are here for you. We will help you improve your smile. Our staff is kind, polite, and friendly. We treat patients of all ages. You and your family are welcome. Book an appointment now!