Periodontal disease is a continuing epidemic of the gums that can steadily destroy the support of your natural teeth. Dental plaque is the main reason for this condition to develop among genetically susceptible individuals. The gums become irritated by the toxins produced by the bacteria present in the plaque. They cause the gums to turn red, bleed and swell easily. The gums begin to separate from the teeth to cause pockets if the irritation is allowed to prolong.
The plaque hardens into a rough substance known as calculus above and below the gum line. With the progress of periodontal disease, the teeth begin to lose support from the tissue and bone that hold them in place. If no treatment is provided tooth loss is imperative. Periodontal disease is estimated to have damaged the teeth, gums, and jawbone of over 80 percent of Americans by the age of 45.
The Causes of Gum Disease
Bacterial plaque is the root cause of gum disease as well as tooth decay. Plaque is sticky and colorless and primarily has different types of bacteria that stick to the teeth and below the gumline. Plaque forms constantly on the teeth even minutes after brushing and cleaning. It hardens into a rough and porous substance called tartar when it is not carefully removed every day by brushing and flossing. Tartar cannot be removed by brushing and flossing alone and will need help from a professional like the dentist in South Houston.
Is Periodontal Disease Preventable?
More adults over the age of 35 loose teeth because of periodontal disease than cavities with 75 percent of adults suffering from this infection at some point in their life. Periodontal disease is entirely preventable along with cavities by brushing and flossing everyday and regular professional examinations and cleanings. Unfortunately even after indulging in proper dental hygiene and undergoing exams regularly, people can still be affected by some form of this condition. After the infection affects an individual professional intervention will become necessary to prevent its progress.
Some factors that can affect the health of the gums are the usage of tobacco, diabetes, clenching, and grinding teeth, stress, medication for high blood pressure or osteoporosis, and medications that can cause dry mouth. While it will be difficult for people to avoid problems like high blood pressure or diabetes they can certainly include precautions within their oral hygiene routine to ensure they don’t fall victim to periodontal disease which can be prevented.
When Does Periodontal Surgery Become Imperative?
People with a serious gum infection can expect their dentist to recommend periodontal surgery is a method of treating this condition. The procedure can:
- Eradicate bacteria from below the gums.
- Make it easy to clean the teeth.
- Reshape the bone that supports the teeth.
- Prevent gum damage in the future.
The prospective candidates for this surgery are patients with the severe or advanced periodontal disease around their gums and the supporting tissues of their teeth. Your dentist may initially recommend a conservative approach for the treatment if the condition hasn’t advanced while also providing you information on how you can benefit from periodontal surgery.
Preparing for the Surgery
Periodontal disease and surgery in Houston, TX, can both be handled by the dentist in South Houston, TX by determining the type of surgery that is appropriate for your specific condition. Two weeks before the procedure you will be advised not to have certain medications and blood thinners and dentists will recommend not to smoke or consume alcohol at least 24 hours before the procedure. To prevent infections that doctors may provide you with antibiotics along with instructions on how to prepare for your surgery.
Periodontal surgeons may conduct a common procedure known as the flap surgery where small incisions will be made in your gums to lift a section of the tissue. After removing the tartar and bacteria from under the gums they will be sutured back to ensure that tissue fits firmly around the teeth. It will be easier to clean the teeth and gums after the healing process is over.
If the condition has damaged the bone surrounding the tooth root the dentist may consider replacing it with a bone graft.
Undergoing periodontal surgery and treatment can lower your chances of tooth loss and further damage to the gums. You will also be less likely to develop other health issues like diabetes, heart disease, cancer, and osteoporosis. Discussing with the dentist in South Houston, TX, to understand if this procedure is beneficial for your condition is suggested.